Wolf Awareness is a non-profit Canadian organization dedicated to the conservation of wolves through research and public education about wolf ecology.

Poison – WARNING!

This billboard was placed in Alberta on the main highway between Calgary and Edmonton (Hwy 2). The billboard was put up by Wolf Awareness and Animal Alliance of Canada in an effort to raise awareness about Alberta's War on Wolves.

This billboard was placed in Alberta on the main highway between Calgary and Edmonton (Hwy 2). The billboard was put up by Wolf Awareness and Animal Alliance of Canada in an effort to raise awareness about Alberta’s War on Wolves.

Poisons are generally non-selective and most often considered as inhumane. Thus, their use is often controversial. Many countries around the world have now banned the use of poisons that are still currently in use in Alberta, Canada.

Poison baits are often the subject of vigorous debate over the impact they have on non-target animals, including endangered species, domestic animals and companion animals.  Alberta is currently the only province or territory in Canada that is using these indiscriminate and harmful poisons.  Saskatchewan also has permits for use.

Alberta’s use of the poisons Strychnine and Compound 1080 lead to extreme and prolonged suffering before death of many non-target species, including endangered species, domestic and companion animals. These toxins van virtually render a landscape sterile, effecting everything sharing a food chain.

Read this paper by Dr. Gilbert Proulx and other experts about why poisoning wolves with strychnine is unacceptable in experimental studies and conservation programs.

At Wolf Awareness, we believe that the real dangers on a landscape are poisons, incentives to kill, traps and weapons. Use our template letter to comment on AB Wolf Management, contact information for decision makers is also listed below.

Compound 1080

SODIUM MONOFLUOROACE, commonly called Sodium fluoroacetate or Compound 1080 is a highly toxic substance that has been used as a poison to kill off vertebrate species considered undesirable (“pests”) by humans. The use of this compound is highly controversial as it presents great risks to numerous species sharing a landscape (Alberta Sustainable Resources Development Report 2008).

The properties of this compound render its ecological impacts as long term and far-reaching.

There is no antidote to 1080. It is highly toxic to mammals and birds, and has varying potential toxicity levels on fish and invertebrates. Because of its non-selectivity (Pesticide Management Regulation Agency 2014), Compound 1080 has killed humans, pets, eagles, badgers, bobcats, raccoons, bears, wolves, coyotes and various other wildlife species. The residual poison left in the tissues of 1080 victims are toxic to scavengers, and the vomit from a victim can also pass the poison on to others if it is ingested (Randall 1981). Furthermore, animals that are subjected to a non-lethal dose of the poison have a reduced chance of survival due to other causes after being weakened, as wildlife depend upon alertness, agility, hunting and/or escape skills to survive (Defenders of Wildlife 1982).


STRYCHNINE, a central nervous system stimulant (Pesticide Management Regulation Agency 2008)  is toxic to ALL wildlife, according to the PMRA Approved label 14-MAR-2008 2007-8667, under the section titled “Environmental Precautions” (Pesticide Management Regulation Agency 2008).

Strychnine was first used in Canada in  1928. According to Pesticide Management Regulation Agency records, Strychnine was first registered for use in Alberta in 1987, for the control of wolves, coyotes and black bears. However, the toxicant had been  used under the authority if the province for several years prior to this date.

The most recent government approval of Strychnine use in Alberta occurred in 2012, during which time registration was approved and renewed.

Since 2005, more than 800 wolves have been killed under the guise of protecting the Little Smokey Caribou herd in habitat 95% disturbed by oil and gas infrastructure. Wolves were killed in strangling snares, gunned down from helicopters and poisoned using elk and moose killed and laced with strychnine.

Indiscriminate weapons, snares killed 676 other animals, including 2 caribou. There is no way to estimate how many non-target animals died of strychnine poisoning.

Use your voice!  CONTACT the decision makers below to let them know how you feel about poison being used in Canada.

Ask Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency to ban these dangerous substances from Canada.   Contact the Minister of Health: Honourable Jane Philpott.

Email: Hon.Jane.Philpott@Canada.ca
Telephone: 613-957-0200

70 Colombine Driveway,
Tunney’s Pasture
Postal Location: 0906C
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0K9

Ask the province of Alberta to stop the use of these harmful poisons.

The Honourable Rachel Notley, Premier

Phone: 780 427-2251  Email: Premier@gov.ab.ca  

Office of the Premier

Legislature Building

10800 97 Ave. NW

Edmonton, AB  T5K 2B6


Minister of Environment and Parks, Shannon Phillips

Phone: 780 427-2391 E-mail: aep.minister@gov.ab.ca

Executive Branch 208 Legislature Building 10800 – 97 Avenue Edmonton, AB  T5K 2B6


Deputy Minister Bill Werry – Environment and Sustainable Resource Development

Phone: (780) 427-1799  Email: bill.werry@gov.ab.ca


Travis Ripley – Executive Director Fish and Wildlife Policy Branch Environment and Parks

Phone: 780 427-7763  Email: travis.ripley@gov.ab.ca


Matt Besko- Director of Wildlife Management Policy

Alberta Environment and Parks

Phone: 780-974-2641  Email: Matt.Besko@gov.ab.ca